Wind turbines can impact local ecosystems and biodiversity and so solutions able to detect and prevent the potential fatality issues are needed. The Wind Energy & Biodiversity Protection test program, launched in 2022, is focused on extensive demonstrative testing of tools and sensors to make turbines safer for flying wildlife and make more sustainable the wind parks. These systems, based on radar, camera, and microphone technologies, will detect and monitor, birds and bats, triggering actions to avoid fatal events with wind blades.
Five testing sites are involved in Spain and Italy involving different technologies, layouts, and species. This massive experimental campaign follows the first launched in 2021 at Gibson Bay, South Africa, for bat protection using ultrasound barrier technology.