Dear Executive Vice-President,
Dear Commissioner, Dear Minister,
Dear ITRE Committee Chair,
the increase in wholesale electricity prices that Europe is experiencing is triggering concerns and political debate across the continent. The Electrification Alliance, an alliance of 10 European associations that firmly believe electrification is the future of the European Union’s energy system, would like to share its insights on the situation and offer you some responses and recommendations.
The unprecedented increase in wholesale electricity prices is driven primarily by very high global gas prices, bouncing back as global economies recover after COVID-19, but also impacted by global supply constraints. Europe still produces over 20% of its electricity from gas-fired power stations1, so higher gas prices feed directly into our electricity bills.
The rapid rise recently in the carbon prices that coal and gas-fired power stations pay is also a factor. It accounts for about a fifth of the recent increase in electricity prices, as outlined in this graph by EMBER and stressed by you, Mr Executive Vice-President, in the European Parliament during the first debate around the “Fit for 55” package. The current situation follows a few years of relatively low electricity prices. Occurrence of negative price hours have increased sharply in recent years reaching a record of over 1800 instances across EU markets in 2020.
To overcome this situation, the Electrification Alliance recommends the following measures, some of which could be taken immediately:
- Structurally reduce taxes and levies on electricity bills
The taxes consumers pay on electricity in most countries are higher than the taxes they pay on other forms of energy. Governments should tax electricity less. This would help reduce the pressure on the retail power prices all consumers pay.
- Fully implement Clean Energy Package provisions to ensure flexible consumption for all
High electricity prices are not an everyday reality. The lack of full implementation of EU electricity market legislation2, especially in the field of demand-side flexibility, is unnecessarily burdening customers who could benefit from these fluctuations if they can adapt consumption accordingly. We call on policymakers in Europe to speed up the overdue implementation of the relevant provisions and on the Commission to give more guidance on this process..
- Accelerate the clean energy transition to hedge against volatile fossil fuel prices
Europe should reduce its dependency on imported gas and exposure to volatile global gas prices. The EU Green Deal and climate neutral ambition clearly point in this direction. The deployment of renewables should be accelerated. New wind and solar are now cheaper than existing coal and gas plants3. The more we have of them, along with efficient grids, energy storage and other forms of flexibility, the lower our energy bills. Existing administrative barriers to the development of renewable energy projects across the EU should be eliminated to accelerate deployment rates and increase the softening effect wind and solar will have on electricity prices. The current situation also draws attention on the need for more energy efficiency. Efficiency policies should prioritize the socially more vulnerable parts of society as the most effective strategy to reduce energy poverty. The Electrification Alliance and its members will continue to monitor and engage in this debate. We remain at your disposal to answer any questions you may have.