The overall objective of this project is to reduce CO2 emissions by facilitating the integration of RES and contributing to energy efficiency in the electricity grid due to the usage of the flexibility potential in the energy consuming process of large industrial customers. The project started in September 2012 and finished in February 2015.
Demand Response (DR) is an important pillar in the context of Smart Grid concepts and can contribute significantly to achieving the 20/20/20 goals. DR aims at adjusting the electricity demand to the grid requirements at a given point of time and thereby facilitates the further integration of renewable energy sources (RES), the improvement of efficiency of electricity grids and – consequently – the reduction of CO2 emissions.
The main objective of this project is to facilitate the integration of RES in the electricity grid due to the usage of the flexibility potential in the energy consuming process of industrial customers.
As a result the benefits of active involvement of industrial customers in the electricity markets will be demonstrated. Based on the obtained results a business model will be developed and a roadmap for the implementation of DR for the market side and policy makers will be presented.
The overall objective of this project is to reduce CO2 emissions by facilitating the integration of RES and contributing to energy efficiency in the electricity grid due to the usage of the flexibility potential in the energy consuming process of large commercial and industrial customers.
The specific objectives addressed are:
- Technical, economic and environmental evaluation of the flexibility potential that is available in the energy consuming processes of industrial customers.
- Demonstration of the potential (economic) benefits for the customer due to the flexibility in energy consumption that will reduce CO2 emissions.
- Demonstration of the potential benefits that the customer’s flexibility entails for energy retailers as well as electric network operators (transmission and distribution), e.g. network stability at peak feed-in of RES.
- Definition of the certification prerequisites of the proposed processes and development of a business model in order to facilitate market acceptance of DR services and products.
- Informing different target audiences on project advantages and risk, increasing the involvement of other industries and spreading the concept at the national and international level.
- The business model will pave the way for specialized organizations offering consultancy in the field of Demand Response (DR).
- Additional savings are made by avoiding an increase in energy consumption and especially use of peak capacity.
- DR concepts include price based tariffs and energy consumers are able to save money by following them.
- A roadmap to implement DR in industry will be presented.
- 202 TWh annual energy savings could be realized by DR programs in the EU.
- EUR 50 billion could be saved by investments relating to peak generation capacity.
- In order to calculate CO2 savings, the hypothetical emissions of gas plants that would have to be constructed to cover peak demand have been taken as a reference. These would correspond to an average value of reduced emissions of 500 g CO2 per kWh. The result of the assumption described above is that DR could achieve 25 % of the EU’s 2020 target concerning CO2 emissions reductions.