Electrofuels for long-range shipping

Copenhagen Economics was asked to identify relevant electrofuels, their potential and assess required political action to decarbonise long range shipping towards 2050

Copenhagen Economics-Electrification


​Reaching climate target set up by national governments as well as international organisations requires drastic reductions of greenhouse gasses emissions towards 2050 to be achieved.​

​Current reductions have mainly been in the power and heating sector with limited or no reductions in more difficult to electrify sectors like shipping which accounts for a significant share of global emissions of greenhouse gasses. Tecnological developments in green electrofuels might hold the key to indirect electrification of global shipping industry.​

​Copenhagen Economics was asked to partake in developing a roadmap for decarbonising shipping toward 2050 as part of a larger collaboration between industry leaders and leading researchers within electrofuels.

Our Approach

​In analysing the potential and economic viability we focus on three central aspects:

  • Identifying relevant electrofuels for the long-distance shipping sector
  • Relevant parameters determining optimal structures of facilities producing green electrofuels
  • Required political actions to ensure commercial viability of green electrofuels towards 2050


​We have reached three preliminary conclusions:

  • Green ammonia have useful traits for use in long-range shipping
  • Facilities for production of electrofuels should be designed to fit the characteristics of the geographical location
  • Political action in the form of a carbon price by ETS extension or the like is required